Double Photoionization to Probe Electron Correlation in Atomic and Molecular Systems with More than Two Electrons - National Science Foundation - $75,000
This project will examine the consequences of correlated electron dynamics of small atoms and molecules with more than two electrons in order to better understand the similarities and differences in different target atoms and molecules that result from having many electrons. Electron correlation is a fundamental phenomena with great impacts on the behavior and structure of all matter. Many decades of research towards developing more accurate ways of accounting for the non-approximated dynamics of electronic motion in even the simplest atoms and molecules have been focused on bound states (energy levels of atoms, potential curves of molecules, etc.) but the consequences of this correlation also greatly impact the resulting double continua when two electrons are ejected from a target by photons. These correlated electron interactions are fundamental to the organization and structure of matter at the atomic level and continue to be of vital importance to study and better understand. Broader consequences of pursuing more a complete understanding of electron correlation in simple atoms and molecules with more than two electrons would impact many other fields of study, including chemistry, atomic and molecular physics, molecular biology, and material science, to name a few.
This project will investigate the impacts of these fundamental electronic correlations for non-trivial atoms and molecules with more than two electrons in order to better understand the ways that the initial and final states of the electrons that remain bound to the atom or diatomic molecule can affect the two photoejected electrons leaving the others behind. Theoretical calculations describing these events from first principles will be applied to targets with many electrons that continue to interact with the fully correlated electrons before, during and after the photoionization event. It is hoped that this project can further elucidate the broader consequences of how all of the electrons bound to an atom or molecule can affect those that will be moved into the continuum and how consequences of symmetry and electronic structure impacts outgoing electrons. Both time-dependent and time-independent approaches will be explored. The work is closely coupled to kinematically complete experimental investigations of these systems.
Ballast Water Treatment - US Maritime Administration (MARAD) - Initial Grant $1.2 Million
Ships traveling the oceans will soon be required by the International Maritime Organization to have certified ballast water treatment systems in place to identify and combat the marine organisms that can live in water taken onboard a ship in one port, and later discharged in a new marine environment. These organisms can multiply rapidly, outpacing the growth of native species and causing havoc for fisheries, seabeds, and friendly organisms that routinely absorb other contaminates. Additionally international requirements specify that a third party analyze test data and certify that systems meet the latest standards.
The California Maritime Academy has partnered with industry, government and research teams to create the first of its kind testing facilities, the Shipboard Ballast Water Treatment test facility aboard Cal Maritime's 500-foot Training Ship Golden Bear. Available year round for testing, the Golden Bear is truly a unique environment for testing ballast water systems.
The new project allows the Golden Bear to function as a "plug-and-test" platform for research teams. Organizations can install their system in a standard 20-foot shipping container, using connection specifications provided by Cal Maritime to access ballast water tanks, electricity, and ancillaries. This enables groups to set up the platform at the home location, and then easily transport it to the Cal Maritime campus for loading aboard Golden Bear.
Oil Spill Response Readiness - Congressionally-Directed Grant - $476,000
This award of $476,000 was ear-marked to provide an emergency-response training program, and acquisition of software and technology neccesary to create an emergency response center. Cal Maritime's Spill Management Simulator uses the Potential Incident Simulation, Control and Evaluation System (PISCES II) software. This software was initially developed by Transas Marine as an exercise management tool for the U.S. Coast Guard. Today, PISCES II is used to train students and working professionals to respond to major spill incidents in order to minimize the impact of that spill on the environment and local economy. Participants in the resulting training exercises came from business, industry, the Coast Guard, pilot's organizations, port security groups and local government. Results from the training similuations is being used to improve response plans, teamwork and decision-making skills.
Port Security Grant - FEMA Port Security Grant Program - $2,025,000
With the San Francisco Marine Exchange serving as the fiduciary agent the project will reduce risk by enhancing the capabilities of Academy to provide maximum flexibility and hardened redundancy for improved physical security and surveillance, as well as support of regional NIMS/SEMS activity. The project will close surveillance and monitoring gaps for critical waterside transit routes between the Golden Gate and the Carquinez Strait & will provide integrated monitoring capabilities with other systems that comprise pieces of the overall maritime domain.
The Academy's unique location, and in-situ operational capabilities, presence of experienced maritime personnel, marine equipment and an already situated Crisis Management Center makes it a coveted gateway site for C3 ALL HAZARDS decision making for San Francisco Bay area.
CCTV systems will fill regional MDA gaps coverage for the waterside approaches and maritime transit lanes extending from the Carquinez Bridge to Pinole Point – enhancing surveillance and monitoring of maritime traffic proceeding to/from the Ports of Stockton and West Sacramento public ports, the private Port of Benicia and tanker and tug/barge traffic destined for the ConocoPhillips, Shell, Valero and Tesoro petrochemical refineries. Captured video feeds will be available to USCG VTS and San Francisco Marine Exchange traffic management systems.
This project improves and secures vessel and facility access control and promote the continued development of regional training and exercise capacities. The project enhances the synergy gained between the Academy's maritime focused training and education missions and the inherent response requirements entailed in a region wide emergency event.
Finally the project addresses shortfalls and provides mitigation solutions/methods as noted in the Regional SRM/TR Plan as well as the USCG AMSP, ACP, and MSRAM studies and calculations.